(Credit: Oyster Ecosystem Impacts Diagram produced by EcoCheck)

(Credit: Oyster Ecosystem Impacts Diagram produced by EcoCheck)

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) just released their new and improved Coastal Resilience 2.0. web site:

This Coastal Resilience Decision-Support Tool supports decisions to reduce ecological and socioeconomic risks from coastal hazards (e.g., sea level rise and storm surge conditions).

NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office (Oyster) Website

(see http://chesapeakebay.noaa.gov/fish-facts/oysters)

K-12 Education Related to Oysters (“Oysters in the Classroom”)

(See http://www.mdsg.umd.edu/issues/chesapeake/oysters/education/)

Oyster Anatomy Laboratory

The oyster has a relatively simple morphology, anatomy and ecological role. This site has exercises to learn more about the external and internal anatomy of the eastern oyster, as well as how to shuck an oyster.
(See link (http://www.mdsg.umd.edu/issues/chesapeake/oysters/education/anatlab/)

Follow the Path of an Oyster in the Hatchery (Horn Pt. Oyster Hatchery)


Teacher Resources

(see http://www.mdsg.umd.edu/issues/chesapeake/oysters/education/oys5e.htm)

Amazing Oysters Pop-Up Reef Lesson

image001 (1)

A great starting point for children to study oyster reefs is to use Amazing Oysters educational activity. In this lesson, students will construct their very own miniature ecosystem reef. Included is information on critters on the reef and why reefs are important as a habitat. Students will also discover the threats to oyster reefs including disease (MSX and Dermo), pollution and over-harvesting (waterman used to call oysters Chesapeake Gold).

Historical ecology of oysters – 2012

Historical ecology of oysters – 2013 (E. Sotka, C of C)

MD’s Oyster Gardening for Restoration & Education

By William Goldsborough and Donald Meritt
(see http://www.mdsg.umd.edu/issues/chesapeake/oysters/garden/index.php)

  • SC Oyster Restoration & Enhancement (SCORE)
  • Oyster Recovery Partnership (ORP) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit based in Annapolis, MD that promotes, supports and restores oysters for ecological and economic benefits. They engage in numerous Chesapeake Bay-related projects using science-based “in-the-water” and “on-the-land” recovery efforts. They also conduct public outreach and education for the Chesapeake Bay, its marshes and rivers and associated organisms.
  • Bagging Shell Operation for the ARRA Oyster Restoration Project in Alabama
  • MBWEB is an educational resource for marine biology students with reference lists organized by subject. Many other links are here including links to marine stations, tide information, recommended books and lots more!

The Exposed Surface Area to Volume Ratio: Is Shell More Efficient Than Limestone in Promoting Oyster Recruitment?

Presentation by Kelsey Kuykendall (GCRL), Paula Moreno (GCRL), Eric Powell (GCRL), Thomas Soniat (UNO), Susan Colley (UNO), Roger Mann (VIMS), and Daphne Munroe (Rutgers)
NSA 106th Meeting presentation, Jacksonville, FL, 2014.
Pdf here

Clam breakage in survey mode: implications and data correction

Roger Mann (VIMS), Daphne Munroe (Rutgers), and Kelsey Kuykendall (GCRL)
Kelsey Kuykendall, graduate student at the Gulf Coast Research Lab, USM, Ocean Springs, MS
Poster from Mid-Atlantic Fisheries Management Council Meeting, December 2013
Pdf here

Oyster shells to be recycled to provide fishing habitat, aid in coastal restoration.

Andrew Canulette – June 7, 2013: Pdf

Martha’s Vineyard Shellfish Group, Inc.

Marthas vineyardMVSG is a non-profit organization comprised of the shellfish departments the six island towns. For over thirty years, the Group’s community-based resource management program has sought to preserve and expand the Island’s traditional shellfisheries.

Included are a solar-assisted shellfish hatchery, use of innovative aquaculture techniques and a philosophy to improve and maintain water quality and a related viable shellfish industry.

Their work includes Crassostrea virginica (oyster) disease monitoring, C. virginica (Eastern oysters), Mya arenaria (soft shell clams), Mercenaria mercenaria (Atlantic quahogs), and Argopecten irradians (bay scallop) larval production, and related research, tetraploid broodstock for the bay scallop research, mussel culture, promotion of shellfish aquaculture, among others.
See also link for several excellent short films
image002 (1)

Reducing the Minimal-Legal Harvest Size of Oysters in Georgia

Thomas Bliss and Randal Walker, 2012, Marine Extension Service, University of Georgia, Shellfish Research Laboratory, 18pp. pdf

Diseases of Marine Animals (Vol. I-IV)

This multi-author book series was planned and edited by Prof. Otto Kinne. These books were published between 1980 and 1990 by John Wiley & Sons and the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland. The copyright holder is now Otto Kinne at Inter-Research. The “Diseases Books” are now freely available with open access.

Volumes I-III deal with Mollusca

Kinne, O., Ed., 1980-1990. Diseases of marine animals – Volumes I to IV (from Protozoa to Mammalia). Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, Hamburg. see http://www.int-res.com/book-series/diseases-of-marine-animals-books/ free to download

Dead Zones

Lack of oxygen a key stressor on marine ecosystems

Diaz-and-RosenbergAn on-going analysis by Drs. Bob Diaz (VIMS, Emeritus) and Rutger Rosenberg (University of Gothenburg)

See link

SHELLSHOCKED: Saving Oyster to Save Ourselves, a documentary by Emily V. Driscoll

It follows efforts to bring wild oysters back to NY Harbor to restore the waterways.  See http://www.shellshockedmovie.com/


Status and Trends of US Wetlands in the Coastal Watersheds: 2004 to 2009

status_trendsDahl, T.E., and S.M. Stedman, 2013. Status and trends of wetlands in the coastal watersheds of the Conterminous United States 2004 to 2009. U.S. Department of the Interior, FWS and NOAA, NMFS, 46pp.

The United States is losing more than 80,000 acres of coastal wetlands each year, according to a report released by the FWS and NOAA, assessing coastal wetlands along the Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf, and Great Lakes coasts from 2004 to 2009.
Federal report: Rapid loss of coastal wetlands harming important waterfowl areas

Marine Debris and Related Links

NOAA’s Marine Debris Program (MDP)

Supports national and international efforts to research, prevent, and reduce the impacts of marine debris.
Link is at http://marinedebris.noaa.gov/
Map with links by geography (http://marinedebris.noaa.gov/marine-debris-where-you-live)
NOAA Disaster Debris related to hurricanes and tropical storms, tsunamis, floods, and landslides that impact U.S. coasts (link here)

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in Chesapeake waters

See following links:

Southeast Atlantic Marine Debris Initiative (GA, SC, and NC)

See link at

NC Crabbers Join Effort to Clear Marine Debris (1/21/16)

by Kip Tabb link
Every year, the N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries closes the waters to commercial crabbing from mid-January to early February as a no-crab potting period so fisherman can remove their pots so that anything left in the water, except for those things that are legal, are considered abandoned and they can be removed and recycled or trashed. NC Sea Grant funded the initial 2 years and since then National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency’s Marine Debris Program has continued to assist with funding.

Abandoned crab pots near Ocracoke Isl NC

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in SC waters and uses for restoration

CONSTRUCT – Creating oyster niche structures through restoration using crab traps: the use of marine debris as an alternative substrate for ecologically-valuable oyster reef habitat.
https://www.dnr.sc.gov/crabtraps/crab_traps (survey)

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in GA waters and uses for restoration

Evaluation of eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791), restoration techniques for use in intertidal southeastern United States habitats characterized by heavy siltation rates

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in FL waters

Derelict Blue Crab Trap Removal Manual for Florida (some traps have been used for restoration purposes)
Derelict Crab Trap Removal Program through Tampa Bay Watch

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in Gulf of Mexico waters

See links at
detailed report at http://www.gsmfc.org/pubs/IJF/derelicttraps.pdf


Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in MS waters

See link at

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in LA waters

See links at

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in TX waters

See link at

Marine Debris: lost commercial fishing gear in western US/Canadian waters

See selected links at

General Literature Related to Oysters and Restoration/Services

(see also Coen’s lit. link)